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News from 2012

KT Exchange with China and Pakistan

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During the month of November the KT Unit, through the Bradford Centre for International Development (BCID) is hosting two programmes: the visit of 28 senior officials from the China Development Bank and the visit of 21 Registrars from some of the most distinguished Higher Education Institutions in Pakistan.

During November the Bradford Centre for International Development is hosting 28 senior officials from the China Development Bank (CBD), who have arrived in Bradford to attend a 2 week tailored made short course titled ‘Project Appraisal for Decision Making’, which will also involve visits to London and Cambridge. This is our 9th Programme with the Bank and it is part of an on-going partnership which continues to grow thanks to a strong history of successful capacity building programmes for CBD staff. The China Development Bank is one of the largest banks funding infrastructure and development projects both in China and worldwide. Its portfolio includes projects in the transport, energy, water and urban development industries, and more recently social projects including student loans and micro-lending for small and medium enterprises

Alongside the CBD officials, we are also hosting 21 Registrars from some of the most distinguished Higher Education Institutions in Pakistan. The Registrars are visiting as part of a Leadership Programme (running from the 10th till the 18th November) also organised by the Bradford Centre for International Development. The programme offers a series of workshops around leadership and management delivered by renowned experts in the field. It also includes visits to Wales, Scotland and London to provide opportunities for networking and sharing best practices in the field of Leadership and Management within the education sector. The programme is funded by the British Council and the Higher Education Commission in Pakistan.

International Collaboration in Research

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With the support of an International Mobility grant awarded by the University of Jyväskylä, Ms. Josephine Moate, a researcher from Finland spent a month at the University of Bradford initiating a collaborative project with Dr. Paul Sullivan (SSCJS) building on their shared interests in dialogic theory and education.

Josephine Moate is a researcher based at the Department of Teacher Education at the University of Jyväskylä in Central Finland. Josephine’s key areas of interest include teaching and learning through a foreign language, educational cultures and dialogic pedagogy. Josephine recently submitted her PhD dissertation ‘Reconceptualising teacherhood through the lens of foreign-language mediation?’ for examination.

In her doctoral research, Josephine primarily draws on dialogic theory to understand the demands of foreign-language mediated teaching and to support a more complex conceptualisation of teacherhood. It is through this research that Josephine became interested in the work of Dr. Paul Sullivan (Social Sciences and Criminal Justice Studies), with whom she has been able to spend a month at the University of Bradford to initiate a collaboration which builds on their shared interests in dialogic theory and education. This visit has been made possible with the support of an International Mobility grant awarded by the University of Jyväskylä.

Julia Buxton participated in a discussion on ABC radio on Hugo Chavez and the upcoming elections in Venezuela.

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For a link to the discussion see the following link: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/10/05/the_contest_in_caracas?page=full

Julia was also interviewed by French and Austrian public radio, Radio 4's Today programme and BBC World News.

Julia Deakin's second full length poetry collection is published this month by Graft Poetry.

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The book, praised by MMU's Professor of Poetry Michael Symmons Roberts among others, is available here: http://www.graftpoetry.co.uk/

Professor Pearce presentation on the prospects of the Colombian Peace Process to the FCO Roundtable

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Professor Pearce presented her analysis on the prospects of the Colombian Peace Process to the FCO Roundtable at the end of November.

Professor Jenny Pearce spoke to women activitists in Huehuetenango

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Professor Jenny Pearce spoke to women activitists in Huehuetenango at the presentation of a study by CEDFOG (Centre for Education and Documentation for the Western Frontier of Guatemala) on Violence against Women in San Miguel, Acatan

Dr David Lewis and ESRC - funded project: 'Rising Powers and Conflict Management in Central Asia'

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In a changing world order, a better understanding of the different ways that states try to manage violent conflict is increasingly important. A three-year ESRC-funded project (2012-2015) examines the divergent responses of Russia, China and the West to outbreaks of armed violence in post-Soviet Central Asia.

Central Asian states have been affected by a variety of internal violent conflicts since the 1990s. Local and external actors have frequently demonstrated very different understandings of the underlying causes of these conflicts and have adopted divergent and sometimes contradictory policies in response. This project aims to unravel the responses of national governments, local peoples and external powers, such as China, Russia and the US, to three significant outbreaks of violence in recent years: in Andijon, Uzbekistan, in 2005; in the Rasht valley of Tajikistan in 2010-11; and in Osh, Kyrgyzstan in 2010.

The research project involves a team of three academics from the universities of Exeter, Bradford, and Newcastle, working together with the London-based NGO Saferworld. The team will conduct research in China, Russia, and in Western and Central Asian states. This will consist of analysis of policy reports and other formal documents, interviews with a wide range of policy makers in the capitals of major powers and those directly affected by conflicts in the Central Asian region, and ethnographic study of conflict mediation programmes in practice.

Apart from a wide range of intended academic outputs, the project is designed to inform discussion among Russian, Chinese, Western and Central Asian policy makers about different ways to manage and resolve conflict, thus attempting to improve mutual understanding in a region of potential strategic competition and political volatility.

Professor Jenny Pearce was invited to Mexico City by CIDE

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Professor Jenny Pearce was invited to Mexico City by CIDE, (Economics Research and Teaching Centre), to participate in a conference on community policing. She spoke on ‘Building Security: Paradigm Shifts in the UK and Latin America)

Visit and talk by Oliver Heald, MP, Solicitor General

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On 29th of October 2012 Oliver Heald, MP, Solicitor General gave a talk on 'Government Responses to the Challenges of Human Trafficking' - full talk can be found on: http://www.attorneygeneral.gov.uk/NewsCentre/Speeches/Pages/SolicitorGeneralhumantrafficking.aspx

Professor Jenny Pearce was the Key Note speaker at the University of Utrecht's Centre of Conflict Studies Conference in October 2012 on 'The Politics of Portrayal'

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Professor Jenny Pearce was the Key Note speaker at the University of Utrecht’s Centre of Conflict Studies Conference in October 2012 on ‘The Politics of Portrayal’: A Seminar on the Forms and Functions of Representations of Violence. Her presentation was entitled:

From the Masterful to the Vulnerable Body: An attempt to refocus violence in the social imaginary’

Professor Pearce presented a seminar to the Cambridge Centre for Latin American Studies

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On 2 November, Professor Pearce presented a seminar to the Cambridge Centre for Latin American Studies (CLAS) Open Seminar Series on : ‘“Violent Elites” and the reproduction of chronic violence in Latin America”

Distinguished Guest Lecture Dr Fennell

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Distinguished guest speaker - Dr S Fennell, Cambridge University - Topic: On her book 'Rules, rubrics and riches'

BCID News Dr Fennell The role of institutions and economic development is discussed by many studies. However, Dr Fennell challenges some of the received wisdom and the idea of rule of law as being an inadequate aspect of understanding governance. She finds that the common recommendations play only one part in explaining prosperity- the use of rubrics (sets of protocols or steps) could be incorrect if the role of culture and history is not taken into account.

The seminar was attended by staff, masters and PhD students.

British Council funded INSPIRE project between Peace Studies and Fatima Jinnah Women University in Rawalpindi

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PhD candidates Gwyneth Sutherlin, Susan Flamig and Roberta Hollanda accompanied Dr Julia Buxton and SSIS Strategic Services Head Amanda Gilbert to Pakistan in December for the closing events of the three year British Council funded INSPIRE project between Peace Studies and Fatima Jinnah Women University in Rawalpindi.

The project, which focuses on capacity building on peace, gender and conflict research among female academics and parliamentarians held a wrap up conference on the morning of the 11th December at which representatives from the British Council and Pakistan Parliamentary Research Services were panelists. Afternoon events included two workshops led by the PhD candidates which focused on research skills and methods, and publishing in academic journals. The event was attended by a large number of students and academics from universities across Pakistan, as well as officials from the European Union, journalists, civil society organizations and diplomatic staff.

Congratulations to Dr Akhtar

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BCID News Dr Akhtar

We wish to congratulate Waheed Akhtar on successfully completing his PhD degree. He successfully defended his thesis at his viva held on 27th of November. We wish him all the best for a bright academic future!!!

Effort towards the First European Comprehensive SOLar Irradiance Data Exploitation (SOLID): EU FP7 programme

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Held By: Prof. Rami Qahwaji (in conjunction with other EU Partners)

Total Value: £194,793 (for University of Bradford)

Start date: 07/11/2012

End date: 30/11/2015

Overview

Variations of solar irradiance are the most important natural factor in the terrestrial climate and as such, the time dependent spectral solar irradiance is a crucial input to any climate modelling. There have been previous efforts to compile solar irradiance but it is still uncertain by how much the spectral and total solar irradiance changed on yearly, decadal and longer time scales. Observations of irradiance data exist in numerous disperse data sets. A major objective of the SOLID effort is to analyse and merge the complete set of European irradiance data, complemented by archive data that include data from non-European missions. The SOLID-consortium unifies representatives from all European solar space experiments and European teams specialized in multi-wavelength solar image processing. It also includes the European groups involved in irradiance modelling and reconstruction. They will work with two different state of the art approaches to produce reconstructed spectral and total solar irradiance data as a function of time. These results are used to bridge gaps in time and wavelength coverage of the observational data. This will allow the SOLID team to reduce the uncertainties in the irradiance time series - an important requirement by the climate community - and to provide uniform data sets of modelled and observed solar irradiance data from the beginning of the space era to the present including proper error and uncertainty estimates. Climate research needs these data sets and therefore, the primary benefit is for the climate community, but the stellar community, planetary, lunar, and ionospheric researchers are also interested in having at their disposition incident radiation of the Sun. The proposing team realizes a wide international synergy in solar physics from 7 European countries, and collaborators from the US, complemented by representatives from the climate community, who will accompany their research work with wide dissemination activity.

Partners:The Co-ordinator is PMOD at the World Radiation Centre (WRC). Other partners include Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France), Royal Observatory of Belgium, Universität Bremen (Germany), Imperial College London (UK), Max-Planck Institut (Germany), Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (Italy), University of Cambridge (UK) and Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)

Bradford's Role: Prof Qahwaji is leading “WP3: Multi-wavelength solar image processing for novel SSI proxies”. For this WP, state-of-the-art technologies in solar imaging developed by partners will be upgraded to process the space and ground based images to enable the creation of new SSI proxies. The modifications will ensure that these systems can efficiently extract and calculate filling factors for solar features of interest such as plages, networks, faculae, quiet sun, active regions, coronal holes, and so on. Novel algorithms will also be developed to derive solar quantities from synoptic observations to improve the current understanding of mechanisms driving solar irradiance variations over extended time periods covering several solar cycles

New Braking Research Centre

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Professor John Fieldhouse and Professor Andrew Day have joined forces to establish a new Braking Research Centre at the University of Bradford.

This will bring together expertise, facilities and equipment to establish a “Centre of Excellence” in Brakes and Braking Research in the UK.

John Fieldhouse is one of the world’s leading experts in Brake Noise and Judder, and also has a very wide range of knowledge and experience in all aspects of braking system design and performance, having researched for over 25 years while at the University of Huddersfield. Andrew Day has experience in the friction materials industry and has completed over 25 years of research at the University of Bradford into disc, drum brake and braking system design, including regenerative braking. He directs the annual course which is held every year at the University of Bradford, since 1997.

John Fieldhouse and Andrew Day have worked with many companies and organisations in the UK, Europe, and worldwide, including Bentley, Honda, BMW, Jaguar Land Rover, Toyota, Bosch, TMD Friction, Roulunds, Meritor, BPW, Alcon, VALX, TMETC, and many more. Work has been presented regularly at SAE Brake Colloquia in addition to SAE Congress, FISITA, EAEC, and IMechE events.

The Centre will host a which will bring together some new and several existing specialist research test rigs, including a 24kW ¼ vehicle noise rig, a 90kW judder rig, 7.5kW rigs for individual wheel brake and vehicle axle and brakes NVH research, a 45kW commercial vehicle brake NVH test rig, a light duty DTV test rig, a heavy duty sample friction tester (up to 5W/mm2), plus laser holographic interferometry instrumentation, temperature measurement and data logging.

Associated with this research laboratory hardware the new Centre will have access to other equipment and facilities at the University of Bradford, including an axle mounted chassis dynamometer, a fully equipped acoustics and noise measurement laboratory, and a fully equipped materials laboratory with Electron Microscopy also available. On the analysis, modelling and simulation front, the University has a full range of CAE systems, including ABAQUS, ADAMS, and Matlab.

More information

For more information on the new Braking Research Centre at the University of Bradford, or if you would like to get involved with the establishment of the Centre’s facilities and its development please contact

Dr. David Bryant: d.bryant@bradford.ac.uk

Prof. John Fieldhouse: john.fieldhouse@ntlworld.com